Two-phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes by encouraging natural positive growth changes in the jaw positions. This treatment method maximizes the opportunity to correct the general factors contributing to an orthodontic problem at ages when they are best and more easily corrected. The major advantages of two-phase treatment include better esthetics during sensitive times of social development, a chance to mold the jaw structure more easily, and sometimes also decreases the need for adult tooth removal.
In case the treatment is put off the orthodontist may have a limitation on the degree of jaw corrections that can be made, if needed, due simply to the reduced growth potential remaining at the beginning to the comprehensive treatment, as opposed to an earlier age. As every child is different, please call us for a no-obligation consultation to see what your child’s treatment needs may be.
A Foundation for a Lifetime of Beautiful Smiles
The goal of first phase treatment is to develop the jaw size in order to accommodate all the permanent teeth and to relate the upper and lower jaws to each other. Children sometimes exhibit early signs of jaw problems as they grow and develop. An upper and lower jaw that is growing too much or not enough can be recognized at an early age. Also, if children around the age of eight have crowded front teeth, early treatment can prevent the need to extract permanent teeth later.
Children can benefit enormously from an early phase of orthodontic treatment utilizing appliances that direct the growth relationship of the upper and lower jaws. Thus, a good foundation can be established, providing adequate room for eruption of all permanent teeth. This helps in preventing the removal of permanent teeth later in life.
Orthodontic records will be necessary to determine the type of appliances to be used, the duration of treatment time, and the frequency of visits. Particular attention is paid to ultimate final result. Records consist of models of the teeth, X-rays, and photographs. During your child’s initial consultation, the doctor will take records to determine if early treatment is necessary.
After completion of phase one, the remaining permanent teeth are left alone as they erupt. Retainers are not usually recommended during this period because they could slow down or interfere with the eruption. It is good to allow the existing permanent teeth some freedom of movement. A successful first phase should have created enough room for all the permanent teeth to find an eruption path. Otherwise, they may become impacted or displaced.
After the completion of the first phase of treatment, your teeth are not yet in their final positions. It will be only established in the second phase of treatment. Removal of specific baby teeth may be recommended in order to create more space or to quicken the eruption of permanent teeth. Because of this, periodic appointments for observation, usually every six months to a year may be required.
Stay healthy and look attractive
The primary goal of the second phase treatment is to ensure each tooth is in the correct location in the mouth where it fits perfectly with the lips, tongue, cheeks and other teeth. When this balance is established, your teeth will function together properly. Phase two begins when all permanent teeth have erupted and usually involves upper and lower braces for about an average period of 24 months. Retainers are worn after this phase two to make sure that your child retains beautiful smile.